Investment Arbitration is a multi-billion dollar venture. It is an area of international dispute resolution, which has undergone tremendous growth in recent years and resulted in the signature of thousands of Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs) between foreign states and several Multilateral Investment Treaties (MITs). Numerous disputes involving these instruments are resolved through international arbitration. Arbitral tribunals have rendered many Awards ordering the payment of large sums of money. This handbook seeks to provide an explanatory introduction into the area of investment arbitration, differentiating it from commercial arbitration and state-to-state arbitration. It examines the legal framework and the general course of an international investment arbitration. In particular, it focuses on the standards of protection in international investment agreements, the concept of jurisdiction in international investment arbitration and the arbitral Award, including the notions of recognition, enforcement and execution. Moreover, this cutting-edge publication contains relevant and recent case law in the area and deals with contemporaneous issues such as the ongoing controversy regarding the future of Intra-EU BITs and Free Trade Agreements as well as the link between vulture funds and investment arbitration. The handbook aims at arbitrators, lawyers, practitioners, academics, students and at everyone with an interest in international investment arbitration. It is written by Johan Billiet in collaboration with Maria Elenora Benini, Cari-Dee Le, Amelie Noilhac and Cecile Oosterveen. [Subject: Finance Law, Arbitration Law, Commercial Law, International Law]
The purpose of this book is to present the principles of alternative investments in management. The individual chapters provide a detailed analysis of various classes of alternative investments on the financial market. Despite many different definitions of alternative investments, it can be assumed that a classical approach to alternative investments includes hedge funds, fund of funds (FOF), managed accounts, structured products and private equity/venture capital. Alternative investment in keeping with this broad definition is the subject of consideration here. The theoretical part of each chapter is meant to collect, systematize and deepen readers' understanding of a given investment category, while the practical part of each focuses on an analysis of the current state of development of alternative investments on the global market and outlines the prospects of future market development. This book will be a valuable tool for scholars, practitioners and policy-makers alike.
In development literature Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is traditionally considered to be instrumental for the economic growth of all countries, particularly the developing ones. It acts as a panacea for breaking out of the vicious circle of low savings/low income and facilitates the import of capital goods and advanced technical knowhow. This book delves into the complex interaction of FDI with diverse factors. While FDI affects the efficiency of domestic producers through technological diffusion and spill-over effects, it also impinges on the labor market, affecting unemployment levels, human capital formation, wages (and wage inequality) and poverty; furthermore, it has important implications for socio-economic issues such as child labor, agricultural disputes over Special Economic Zones (SEZ) and environmental pollution. The empirical evidence with regard to most of the effects of FDI is highly mixed and reflects the fact that there are a number of mechanisms involved that interact with each other to produce opposing results. The book highlights the theoretical underpinnings behind the inherent contradictions and shows that the final outcome depends on a number of country-specific factors such as the nature of non-traded goods, factor endowments, technological and institutional factors. Thus, though not exhaustive, the book integrates FDI within most of the existing economic systems in order to define its much-debated role in developing economies. A theoretical analysis of the different facets of FDI as proposed in the book is thus indispensable, especially for the formulation of appropriate policies for foreign capital.
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